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ECUADOR: Opatření u importu koberců, oděvů a geotextilií

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European Apparel and Textile Organisation
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Ecuador n° 3
Commercial Policy n°33/2009
Barriers to Trade n° 16/2009
Technical Clothing Group n°16/2009
No translation
23.2.2009

ECUADOR: Restrictive measures on imports and Provisions aiming at simplifying the delivery (certification) - Carpets, clothing and geotextiles.


/ Summary: Restrictive measures, valid for one year, have been introduced by the Government of Ecuador with the scope of re-equilibrating the Balance of Payments? trade imbalance (Annex I). Besides, an additional Decree has been published to introduce provisions aiming at simplifying the delivery of quality certification from the competent Ecuadorian Institute (Annex II).

Thanks to the Commission and to Sistema Moda Italia, Euratex has been informed of a new Decree, published by the government of Ecuador on the 22nd of January 2009, relating to restrictive measures on imports of various products including textile and clothing (Annex I). These measures (ad valorem duties, quotas, additional tariffs), valid for one year, have been introduced with the scope of re-equilibrating the Balance of Payments? trade imbalance. The measures are in line with the World Trade Organisation?s rules and have been notified to the WTO whose BOP Committee has to accept the measures.

The EC products are widely affected by those measures as 73 positions are concerned by ad valorem tariffs, 283 lines -relating to Footwear, Clothing (ch. 61 & 62) and Tiles- are affected by specific duties and 270 lines- including carpets- have quotas restrictions. More specifically, the impacted textile and clothing products (pages 11-15 +19 of Annex I) represent more than 18% of the EU T&C exports to Ecuador in 2008 (from January till November). Furthermore, the estimated cost, due to the implementation of ad valorem tariffs (12 USD per kilo) on clothing products, could reach 865 thousands Euro which represents a surcharge between 9 % and 706% (= 33.8% on average) on EU exports to that country.

Besides, it is worth mentioning that, in order to ?facilitate? the entry of some products (among which footwear, tiles, clothing and leather accessories), a Decree has been published on the 2nd of February to introduce provisions aiming at simplifying the delivery of quality certification from the competent Ecuadorian Institute (Annex II). Of particular importance is the following provision:
?As from the 15th of March, the importer or the consignee has to attach - beside the product?s conformity declaration issued by the manufacturer when he demonstrates that he has a certification based on the Quality System which is conform to the norm ISO 9001 and which is issued by an accredited organism by the Ecuadorian Accreditation Organism???? a conformity assessment register of the manufacturer on the basis of the Ecuadorian technical regulation or on the mandatory technical standard or on the basis of a standard equivalent to the Ecuadorian one. ?The importer or the consignee of the products subject to a control through the RTE INEN 013 will have to present a certification of compliance of this regulation issued by a recognised organism by the Ecuadorian Accreditation Organism to obtain the recognition certificate INEM1?. (Page 5 of annex II)

Furthermore, among others, the Ecuadorian Government endorsed the voluntary nature of the NTE (Norma Tecnica Ecuadoriana) that establish requirements relating to geotextiles used in road applications (page 16).
Roberta Adinolfi
Senior Economist

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